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Ten stories on drought and disaster risk reduction

An estimated 55 million people are directly affected by droughts every year around the world.

Angola is facing its worst recorded drought in 40 years. It is not alone.
Angola is facing its worst recorded drought in 40 years. It is not alone. (Maria Olsen/EC/ECHO)

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The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on 17 June to raise awareness about the risks. This year’s theme, “Rising up from drought together”, focuses on the need for early action to avoid more disastrous consequences. 

“We’ve been here before. We know what acting slowly does,” Jeremy Taylor of the Norwegian Refugee Council told The New Humanitarian for an April report on the unprecedented drought that’s pushing the Horn of Africa to the brink of famine. 

As experts call for a paradigm shift from “reactive” disaster responses to “proactive” preparedness and risk reduction-based approaches, here’s a selection of our recent reporting that lays out the scale of the problem and offers some paths forward:

A country-by-country guide to worsening drought in the Horn of Africa

‘We must meet the current humanitarian needs now if we are to avert an even bigger crisis in six months' time.’

What you need to know about the growing emergency.

Most aid funds go to just a few disasters. What about the rest?

‘If you don’t tell the story to the world, they’ll never know.’

Aid groups and governments respond to hundreds of disasters each year. But inadequate funding and a short attention span leave many survivors adrift.

In storm-hit Honduras, a climate crisis drives needs and fuels migration

‘They’re already losing so much with the El Niño droughts before this. I bet more and more people are going to leave after this.’

Two hurricanes in two weeks is devastating, but decades of drought and corrupt land use is the longer-term problem for many Hondurans.

Q&A: Why the disaster prevention agenda is growing more urgent

‘We don’t have 10 years, 20 years, to get this more relevant.’

Preventing emergencies before they start, the climate crisis, and why humanitarian aid needs to factor in risk: A Q&A on disaster risk reduction.

Drought and deforestation: How Madagascar’s children are paying the price

'Some infants coming here don’t know how to eat.'

A paediatric clinic offers a window into the impact of drought and deforestation in southern Madagascar.

How climate data scarcity costs lives

‘If you put junk into forecast models, you will get junk.’

In climate-vulnerable countries, a shortage of localised weather data makes it harder to prepare for disasters or adapt to a warming planet.

Why the conversation about climate change and migration needs to change

‘The climate crisis is not a standalone issue; it’s a product of a long history of exploitation, of inequality, of accumulation.’

Climate change is not driving mass migration to the Global North. That doesn't mean those most affected don’t need help.

In this age of climate crisis, humanitarians need to learn to love tech

‘As a sector, we have long been suspicious of tech, wary of the risks it poses and sceptical of the opportunities it brings.’

The aid sector has been too slow to seize on technology’s potential to improve disaster response. It should be a standard part of the toolkit.

Another drought looms. Is Afghanistan better prepared?

‘I don’t remember a season as terrible as this one.’

The last major drought to hit Afghanistan offers a blueprint of the dangers ahead – and the pitfalls of a short-term aid response.

The Drought Diaries

Six families. Three countries. Six months.

Here’s what life is like in Kenya, Somalia, and Zimbabwe as drought takes hold in eastern and southern Africa.

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