1. Home
  2. Middle East and North Africa

In the news: Yemen’s southern separatists declare self-rule

An already complicated conflict just got a lot more complex.

Members of UAE-backed southern Yemeni separatist forces stand by a tank during clashes with government forces in Aden, on 10 August 2019. (Fawaz Salman/REUTERS)

Yemen’s dominant southern separatist group declared self-rule in the parts of the country it controls on Sunday, leading to fears of a new and even more dangerous conflict after five years of war.

The Southern Transitional Council said in its announcement that it planned to govern several southern provinces, including the capital city of Aden, which the internationally recognised government of President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi also claims as its seat. 

Much of Yemen, including Aden, is struggling to deal with flash floods that have impacted tens of thousands of people, and led Hadi’s government to deem the city a “disaster” zone.

Several months of clashes between the STC and the government ended in November with the signing of a Riyadh-brokered power-sharing deal between the two parties – both members of an increasingly fractured Saudi Arabia-led coalition fighting Houthi rebels, who control the city of Sana’a and much of the north of the country.

The deal was supposed to set up an Aden-based cabinet with equal members from the country’s north and south. Fighters from the STC, which is backed by another coalition member, the United Arab Emirates, were supposed to be absorbed into Yemen’s national army. The group was also supposed to have a seat at national-level peace talks. Most parts of the agreement have still not been implemented.

Hadi’s foreign minister has condemned the STC’s move as “dangerous and catastrophic”, and the coalition has called for the separatists to adhere to the November 2019 deal. On Monday, Saudi Arabia announced it was extending a unilateral ceasefire it declared in early April to help fight COVID-19, despite the fact that Houthi rebels have rejected the truce.

– Annie Slemrod

Share this article

Right now, we’re working with contributors on the ground in Ukraine and in neighbouring countries to tell the stories of people enduring and responding to a rapidly evolving humanitarian crisis.

We’re documenting the threats to humanitarian response in the country and providing a platform for those bearing the brunt of the invasion. Our goal is to bring you the truth at a time when disinformation is rampant. 

But while much of the world’s focus may be on Ukraine, we are continuing our reporting on myriad other humanitarian disasters – from Haiti to the Sahel to Afghanistan to Myanmar. We’ve been covering humanitarian crises for more than 25 years, and our journalism has always been free, accessible for all, and – most importantly – balanced. 

You can support our journalism from just $5 a month, and every contribution will go towards our mission. 

Support The New Humanitarian today.

Become a member of The New Humanitarian

Support our journalism and become more involved in our community. Help us deliver informative, accessible, independent journalism that you can trust and provides accountability to the millions of people affected by crises worldwide.