1. Home
  2. West Africa
  3. Nigeria

Mental health - the lasting scars of crisis

Joost Bastmeijer/TNH
“We were neighbors before, and we are neighbors again,” says Jacqueline. “Every day, he has to see me and I have to see him. If there had been any quarrels between him and me, he couldn’t help me on the land today. I wouldn’t let him.”

Mental scars from conflict and crises may linger for years, holding back the recovery of individuals and whole communities.

The World Health Organisation estimates that about one in five of those who lived in conflict-affected areas developed depression, anxiety, bipolar, schizophrenia, or post-traumatic stress disorder. A study in The Lancet last month arrived at the new figures from a review of 129 published papers.

Mental health conditions like anxiety and depression can double in a population that has experienced some form of humanitarian crisis.

Those with mental health conditions can struggle to hold down jobs, go to school, or maintain relationships – the day to day activities that make societies function. These traumas can ripple out across generations and communities, affecting even those who have not directly experienced violence, like the children of Rwandan genocide survivors.

But often mental health services are limited at the time of a crisis, and are difficult to sustain after an initial funding surge. Our roundup this week explores what happens when the immediate crisis has passed and how some communities and providers approach care and treatment.

A tented hospital ward in Mogadishu, Somalia.

Inside Somalia’s mental health emergency

One in three Somalis are affected by mental illness. Health workers worry that lack of care may contribute to the country’s instability.

A woman in blue stands in front of a refugee camp looking to the side

In Rohingya camps, traditional healers fill a gap in helping refugees overcome trauma

Aid groups want to understand how Rohingya refugees deal with mental health in an environment where only half of those who need counselling have access to it.

South Sudan: “The whole country is traumatised”

With inadequate public funding for healthcare, aid groups try to step in.

Elderly woman

Iraq’s growing mental health problem

For Iraqi civilians who fled so-called Islamic State, there is a lack of trained professionals to treat a plethora of mental health issues.


In Nigeria, healing the scars of war might curtail its spread

Could healing the untold trauma unleashed by Boko Haram hold the key to peacebuilding in northern Nigeria?

Malnourished child with mother at the Complexe Pediatrique (children's hospital) in Bangui, CAR 201404230936570877

Trauma link to malnutrition in Central African Republic

The parents of malnourished children need help themselves, as the trauma they have experienced may impact their ability to care for their children.

trauma therapy sessions

Women carry the burden of Ugandan war trauma

The extent of trauma in northern Uganda is overwhelming the country’s limited capacity for treating mental health problems.


Survival lessons for Congo in the aftershock of West Africa’s Ebola crisis

The lesson from West Africa is that the impact of Ebola on people’s lives does not end when the virus is defeated.

Rwanda, part 1: Born into a legacy of genocide

A younger generations with little or no direct experience of the violence has not escaped the trauma.

(TOP PHOTO: Neighbours in Rwanda deal with lingering trauma.)

Share this article

Hundreds of thousands of readers trust The New Humanitarian each month for quality journalism that contributes to more effective, accountable, and inclusive ways to improve the lives of people affected by crises.

Our award-winning stories inform policymakers and humanitarians, demand accountability and transparency from those meant to help people in need, and provide a platform for conversation and discussion with and among affected and marginalised people.

We’re able to continue doing this thanks to the support of our donors and readers like you who believe in the power of independent journalism. These contributions help keep our journalism free and accessible to all.

Show your support as we build the future of news media by becoming a member of The New Humanitarian. 

Become a member of The New Humanitarian

Support our journalism and become more involved in our community. Help us deliver informative, accessible, independent journalism that you can trust and provides accountability to the millions of people affected by crises worldwide.