The New Humanitarian Annual Report 2021

  1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. East Africa
  4. Somalia

Mogadishu residents trapped by violence - MSF

An IDP camp in Dayniile, northwest of Mogadishu.
(Abdullahi Hassan/IRIN)

Increasing violence in parts of the Somali capital Mogadishu has trapped many residents, leaving them with no safe place to go, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said on 7 November.

"People are terrified but most have little choice except to wait and hope that the violence does not come to them," Colin McIlreavy, the MSF head of mission for Somalia, said in a statement.

Tens of thousands of people have already fled the city following intense fighting between insurgents and allied Ethiopian-Somali government troops.

MSF said it was struggling to provide healthcare and humanitarian aid to the people of Mogadishu. "But Mogadishu's residents need more than medical care – they need safety," the agency added. "MSF calls upon all warring factions to refrain from indiscriminate attacks on civilians and to respect international humanitarian law."

MSF said it had witnessed increasing violence in the areas near one of its clinics.

"Those who are able have left the city, but many more are trapped, cannot afford to flee or are too afraid to leave Mogadishu," MSF said. "People are fleeing into other areas of the city but are increasingly left with no safe place to seek refuge."

Local sources said on 5 November that fears of a major military offensive had sparked a further civilian exodus from the city.

Mohamed Hassan Haad, the chairman of the Hawiye (the predominant clan) elders' council, told IRIN that those fleeing were worried the arrival of thousands of Ethiopian troops would lead to a major attack on the city.

For its part, MSF said that over recent weeks its staff had reported fighting coming increasingly closer to its clinic, with some staff being unable to get to work.

''Mogadishu's residents need more than medical care – they need safety''

"We've seen a massive reduction in numbers of people coming to our clinic from some neighbourhoods where fighting has been heaviest," MSF quoted its staff member, a Dr Fuad, as saying. "This is consistent with the stories we hear of people fleeing these neighbourhoods to go to other parts of Mogadishu."

According to MSF, a high level of insecurity has prevented wounded civilians from receiving medical aid, especially those injured by shrapnel or bullets during fighting at night.

"Some have bled to death as it was too dangerous to move them to hospitals," MSF said.

The agency said displaced people living in makeshift camps throughout the city were particularly vulnerable.

"Residents of these camps usually have little more than ripped cloth and plastic sheeting for shelter – providing no protection from bullets, mortars and shells," MSF said. "There are few men in these camps, they’ve gone, leaving women struggling to feed and care for their children, vulnerable to violence and looting."

Last week MSF treated three women who had been raped in their home by armed men.

On 30 October, a coalition of NGOs said the worsening state of security in Mogadishu had prevented them from coping with "an unfolding humanitarian catastrophe".

"International and national NGOs cannot respond effectively to the crisis because access and security are deteriorating dramatically at a time when needs are increasing," 40 NGOs said in a joint statement.

"Tens of thousands of people are currently fleeing violence in Mogadishu adding to the 335,000 people already needing immediate lifesaving assistance in Mogadishu and the Shabelle [Lower and Middle] regions," they added.


This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information:

Share this article
Join the discussion

Right now, we’re working with contributors on the ground in Ukraine and in neighbouring countries to tell the stories of people enduring and responding to a rapidly evolving humanitarian crisis.

We’re documenting the threats to humanitarian response in the country and providing a platform for those bearing the brunt of the invasion. Our goal is to bring you the truth at a time when disinformation is rampant. 

But while much of the world’s focus may be on Ukraine, we are continuing our reporting on myriad other humanitarian disasters – from Haiti to the Sahel to Afghanistan to Myanmar. We’ve been covering humanitarian crises for more than 25 years, and our journalism has always been free, accessible for all, and – most importantly – balanced. 

You can support our journalism from just $5 a month, and every contribution will go towards our mission. 

Support The New Humanitarian today.

Become a member of The New Humanitarian

Support our journalism and become more involved in our community. Help us deliver informative, accessible, independent journalism that you can trust and provides accountability to the millions of people affected by crises worldwide.