The European Union's three-billion-euro deal with Turkey aimed at rapidly stemming the flow of migrants and refugees crossing to Europe from the Turkish coast has not deterred refugees from making their way to the coastal city of Izmir where smugglers continue to do a brisk trade.
Although Turkey has assured the EU it will target the business, smuggling and its associated industries continues unabated and overtly in Izmir. But there is also evidence that a crackdown has begun with more interceptions of boats carrying refugees headed for Greece.
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