Hundreds of people have been killed or injured in almost five months of civil unrest that has dragged the country to the brink of civil war. Below is a timeline of key events since 26 June.
Timeline of events 18 May - 24 June
26 June: Tens of thousands of protesters take to the streets of Sana’a and other main cities to demand that acting President Abdurabu Mansour Hadi immediately form an interim presidential council to run the country.
28 June: UN fact-finding mission arrives in Sana’a to assess human rights violations allegedly committed in different parts of the country.
29 June: Eight government supporters camping in Tahrir Square in Sana’a die from diarrhoea; 200 others reportedly infected due to poor hygiene conditions.
1 July: Tens of thousands of young protesters demonstrate in Sana’a and other main cities on what they call “Friday of Revolution until Victory”. Three killed, four injured in Ibb Governorate.
2 July: At least seven pro-government Republican Guard soldiers killed in an ambush by anti-government tribesmen in Taiz city.
4 July: Maj-Gen Ali Mohsen Saleh, commander of the Northwestern Military Zone who, with his troops, defected from the regime, asks the international community to intervene to resolve the crisis.
7 July: President Saleh appears on state TV for the first time since being injured in a rocket attack on his palace on 3 June, calls for dialogue.
8 July: At least 16 die from “celebratory fire” across Yemen after Saleh’s TV appearance. “At least, another 200 people were injured by falling bullets,” said Amal al-Basha, head of local NGO Arab Sisters Forum. Tens of thousands demonstrate on “Friday of Rejecting Foreign Custody”, referring to alleged Saudi and US intervention in Yemen’s affairs.
9 July: Six people from the same family in Hesn Shaddad District, Abyan Governorate, die of poisoning after drinking from a well in which an unexploded rocket had landed. Republican Guard officer and two of his soldiers killed in ambush by gunmen in Dhalea Governorate.
10 July: Saleh makes second TV appearance, meeting with John Brennan, a senior White House envoy, who asked the Yemeni leader to sign a deal that would see him transfer power to his vice-president and step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. Dozens killed or injured in clashes between Republican Guards and anti-government tribesmen in Sana’a and Taiz governorates.
11 July: Two protesters killed and more than 30 others injured in clashes with government supporters in the western port city of Hodeidah.
15 July: Ahmad Razaz, director of Sharaab al-Rawna District, Taiz Governorate, killed along with two of his escorts in an ambush by anti-government tribesmen outside Taiz city. Seven civilians in al-Rawdha neighbourhood of Taiz city die in clashes between Republican Guards and anti-government tribesmen in the neighborhood. Tens of thousands demonstrate in several cities on “Friday of Civil State”.
16 July: “Revolution Youth” leaders announce 17 names, including three opposition leaders in exile outside Yemen, as members of an interim presidential council. The announcement caused heated argument among political opposition leaders as many of the would-be members were not notified in advance.
18 July: Two protesters killed and dozens injured in clashes with government-aligned troops in Sana’a in a demonstration in support of the interim presidential council announcement.
20 July: At least three killed and 11 others injured in clashes between government supporters camping out in Sana’a’s Tahrir square and citizens in the area.
21 July: Armed tribesmen from Nihm District, 20km northeast of Sana’a, storm a Republican Guard division overlooking Sana’a and destroy some military equipment, including one tank. Three killed in the operation. Mohammed al-Yadumi, chairman of the Islamist Islah Party (main opposition party in Yemen) escapes an assassination attempt west of Sana’a.
22 July: Thousands demonstrate in Sana’a and other main cities on “Friday of Rejecting Collective Punishment”.
24 July: Nine soldiers from a pro-government unit killed and 21 others injured as a suicide bomber drives a booby-trapped car into an army checkpoint outside the southern city of Aden. Militants affiliated with al-Qaeda are blamed for the incident.
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