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Struggling to supply sanitation

Family members transfer water from one pail to another. Clean water and sanitation are key concern in Jakarta's slums
Clean water and sanitation are key concern in Jakarta's slums (Jefri Aries/IRIN)

Indonesia's recently released 2010 national basic health survey shows the country is making progress on several health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but is still struggling to provide access to safe drinking water and sanitation.

"There is a decrease in the level of household access to improved drinking water sources, especially in urban areas," the report states.

In addition, the country needs to bring down the prevalence of underweight children by at least another 2.4 percent by 2015 to reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger to 15.5 percent, as measured by the rate of underweight children under the age of five, the report noted.

Below are some highlights from the survey:

2010 Basic Health Survey at a glance
Households that consumed less than 20 litres of water per day/person14%
Households (rural and urban) with access to improved drinking water45.1% (the capital Jakarta - 25.9%)
Households with access to improved sanitation55.5%
Households nationwide that practised open defecationat least 17.2%
Underweight (weight to age ratio) children under five years17.9% (18.4% in 2007)
Severely underweight under-five children4.9%
Eighteen out of the country's 32 provinces had higher rates of underweight children than the national average, with the highest being in Central Kalimantan at 22.3%4.9%
Chronic malnutrition (as measured by stunting, or height to age ratio) among under-five children35.7% (36.7% in 2007)
Prevalence of wasting (weight to height ratio, acute malnutrition)13.3% (13.6% in 2007)
Proportion of Indonesians who consumed less than minimum daily dietary requirement40.7%
Children aged 12-23 months who received measles vaccinations74.5%
Rate of deliveries attended by skilled health workers in 200982.2% (75.4% in 2007; 40.7% in 1990)
Pregnant women who received antenatal check-ups by skilled health workers83.8%
Indonesians aged 15 and above who were aware of HIV/AIDS57.5%
Those who knew HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sex and intravenous drug use51.4%
Newly diagnosed cases of malaria22.9 per 1,000 people
Provinces recording the most malaria cases(Papua 261.5, West Papua 253.4, East Nusa Tenggara 117.5 and North Maluku 103.2)
Proportion of the population with malaria recorded during the last month of the survey10.6%
Proportion of the population with tuberculosis diagnosed from 2009-2010725 per 100,000 people
Indonesians aged 15 and above who smoked daily28.2%
Smokers who consumed between one and 10 cigarettes a day52.3%
Source: Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas) 2010


This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information: https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions

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