1. Home
  2. Southern Africa
  3. Malawi

50 cigarettes a day for Malawian 5-year-olds

Child labourers working in Malawi's tobacco plantations Plan
Child labourers at work in Malawi's tobacco industry
Child labourers working in Malawi's tobacco plantations are being exposed to dangerous levels of nicotine, tobacco dust, abuse and exploitation says a new study by Plan, a UK-based international children's charity.

According to "Hard work, little pay and long hours", the report released by Plan on 24 August, child tobacco pickers in Malawi were being exposed to "high levels of nicotine poisoning - the equivalent of 50 cigarettes per day".

"You reach a point where you cannot breathe because of the pain in your chest; then the blood comes when you vomit," one child told researchers.

Over 78,000 children work on tobacco estates across Malawi, with some as young as five working up to 12 hours a day for less than one US cent per hour, the report noted.

Child labour is often viewed as the norm, and an important source of income in Malawi. Many tobacco farmers struggle to break even, leading them to cut costs, and to "more children being exposed to hazardous and exploitative working conditions".

Plan urged Malawi's government to better enforce existing child labour and protection laws, and tobacco companies and estates to improve working conditions. Malawi is the world's fifth biggest tobacco producer and the crop accounts for 70 percent of export income.

Share this article

Hundreds of thousands of readers trust The New Humanitarian each month for quality journalism that contributes to more effective, accountable, and inclusive ways to improve the lives of people affected by crises.

Our award-winning stories inform policymakers and humanitarians, demand accountability and transparency from those meant to help people in need, and provide a platform for conversation and discussion with and among affected and marginalised people.

We’re able to continue doing this thanks to the support of our donors and readers like you who believe in the power of independent journalism. These contributions help keep our journalism free and accessible to all.

Show your support as we build the future of news media by becoming a member of The New Humanitarian. 

Become a member of The New Humanitarian

Support our journalism and become more involved in our community. Help us deliver informative, accessible, independent journalism that you can trust and provides accountability to the millions of people affected by crises worldwide.