South Sudan - five charts at age five

Update: inflation hits over 600 percent in July

Girl walks through the ruins of Malakal PoC destroyed in fighting
The ruins of Malakal PoC (IOM/Gonzalez Palau 2016)

As South Sudan turns five, there's little to celebrate.

The country became independent on 9 July 2011. In December 2013, a power struggle within the government led to internal conflict and widespread civilian displacement.

The conflict added to an economic crisis linked to the falling oil price and a drop in exports by pipeline through its former enemy, Sudan.

A peace deal between rivals President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar seems at risk as shootings were reported from the capital Juba, this week.

Inflation, displacement and hunger are on the rise. Relief efforts have cost $6 billion since independence and a UN peacekeeping mission costs an additional $1 billion per year.

UPDATE, 9 August 2016: inflation hits over 600 percent in July.



Humanitarian aid








lead photo: IOM

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