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Families begin to flee Baghdad suburb as US-led forces strike

Dozens of families started to flee Sadr City, the main Shi'a district of Baghdad, on Sunday following raids by US-led forces against suspected militants.

"The raids were unexpected and, as Sadr City is a violent neighbourhood, some families are fleeing the area looking for displacement camps in the outskirts of the capital. Many of them have travelled to Najaf and Kerbala in the south," said Hussam al-Din, president of the Baghdad-based Iraqi Humanitarian Association for the Displaced (IHAD).

"Local NGOs are desperate because we cannot reach the area for security reasons and fleeing families are leaving their homes without enough money to support themselves," al-Din said.

NGOs are trying to help but say they would not be able to cope if families continue to flee the district, more so since most of the district's residents are poor, he added.

Some 400 may have fled

Al-Din believes that at least 400 Iraqis have already fled the district, most of them heading to southern provinces but he warned that the number could be much higher as insecurity is preventing aid workers from gaining access to the area.

Sadr City


Photo: DefenseLINK
An overview of Sadr City, Baghdad

• Built in 1959 by Iraqi Prime Minister Abdul Karim Qassim, Sadr City has had various names in the past - Revolution City, Saddam City and al-Thawra. It provided housing for Baghdad's urban poor, many of whom had come from the countryside 

• Unofficially renamed Sadr City after Shi'a leader Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, who was killed by Saddam Hussein. The population consists mostly of Shi'a Muslims 

• After the occupation of Baghdad by US-led forces in April 2003, the majority Shi'as in the district exercised a degree of autonomy with their own police force, clinics, and food distribution systems

• Home to 2.5 to 3 million people, Sadr City is one of the poorest districts in Baghdad. Many of its poor residents come from Shi'a southern provinces. Unemployment is rampant. Homes are in disrepair. It is also a haven for criminals released from Iraqi prisons by Saddam shortly before the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

"If this critical situation continues, we believe that by the end of the week dozens of other families will leave their homes in search of a safer place," he said.

The raids were part of a US-led forces' programme to target suspected members of a cell alleged to be smuggling sophisticated roadside bombs known as Explosively Formed Penetrators (EFPs) from Iran. At least 10 militants have been killed since Sunday morning and over 150 rounds of ammunition, components for roadside bombs and other ammunition, has been seized.

US officials have said that they have discovered a bloodstained torture chamber in a building in the Sadr City which they believe has been used for sectarian violence.

People's daily lives affected

"We understand how important it is to bring security to the capital but such raids are affecting people's daily lives and scaring hundreds of families who would rather be displaced than die in crossfire," said Fatah Ahmed, spokesperson for the Iraq Aid Association (IAA).

"Since Sunday morning, nearly 40 families from Sadr City have come to us seeking our help to find them a place to stay. But there is nowhere to send them; new displacement camps should be built to cope with their needs," he said.

Lack of medicines

Dr Bilal Abdel-Salam, a physician at Sadr City Hospital, said they lacked emergency medicines and would not be able to save lives should the situation deteriorate further.

"Conditions in the district will get worse if the raids continue and we need supplies to store in our hospital. We urge local NGOs to send us some emergency materials to prevent people dying from lack of assistance," Abdel-Salam said.

''Militants have said they will fight the US troops and for sure when that happens the situation will get much worse, but we hope that we are going to be very far away when that happens in the coming days.''

Families fleeing the district said they were living in dire conditions and could not stay in Sadr City to watch their loved ones get killed in crossfire or see their houses being destroyed with their families inside.

"We and some of our neighbours are fleeing to other districts of Baghdad and today others have left for Karbala in the south as they are scared of the raids. Militants have said they will fight the US troops and for sure when that happens the situation will get much worse, but we hope that we are going to be very far away when that happens in the coming days," said Sayf Mu'tazz, 38, a Sadr City resident who fled the district with his family.

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This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information: https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions

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