The New Humanitarian Annual Report 2021

  1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. Southern Africa
  4. Angola

G20 "must stand by aid pledges"

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addresses the press at the Global Forum on Migration and Development in Manila on 28 October 2008.
(Jason Gutierrez/IRIN)

Leaders of the top 20 industrial and big emerging-market countries will be asked to reaffirm their commitments to development assistance at the emergency summit on 15 November convened by President George W Bush to address the global financial crisis.

"At the G20 meeting in Washington, [United Nations] Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon intends to stress the need to keep long-term objectives, such as the Millennium Development Goals and the fight against extreme poverty, at the centre of the global agenda," UN spokesman Alex Cerniglia told IRIN, referring to targets that seek to slash extreme poverty by 2015.

"He will also draw attention to the Doha meeting on Financing for Development, including the need to allow for broad participation and, in particular, the necessity of including the voice of the smaller and poorer countries in the debate over the international institutional architecture and the reforms that will be considered," he added, referring to the Doha round of World Trade Organization talks later this month on lowering global trade barriers.

Even before Bush convened the summit of key emerging-market countries, including China, Brazil, India, South Korea and South Africa, and the major industrial nations, analysts had voiced fears that vital development aid could fall victim to the crisis.
Some have projected that official development assistance (ODA) might plunge by a third or more, and Ban and World Bank President Robert Zoellick, both of whom will attend the summit, have called on governments not to step back from their commitment to provide billions of dollars in aid to poor countries.

"As ministers discuss issues of high finance, we can't forget the world's poor," Zoellick's office told IRIN. "The bottom billion need our help more than ever. The world must follow through on past aid commitments to fight poverty and promote sustainable development."

What has made the greatest impression among development actors is the speed with which governments disbursed billions of dollars in a bid to halt the economic meltdown - compared with all the delays and retreats in pledging far smaller sums to combat poverty.

John Clancy, spokesman for European Commissioner for development and humanitarian aid Louis Michel, said: "It begs the question: if we can find that kind of money, surely we can find the E100 billion [US$128 billion] a year that between us we promised to ensure that we do tackle the real problem of halving poverty. Put it this way … let's not have this financial crisis turn into a human tragedy by us forgetting the importance of maintaining our commitments to the developing world."

"Morally unacceptable"

In a widely published commentary in European newspapers, Michel noted that the same developed countries who rushed to rescue the international financial system with more than two trillion Euros [$2.56 trillion] found it difficult to raise 100 billion Euros a year for development aid to combat extreme poverty and save lives.

"This contrast is morally unacceptable; it is also politically dangerous," he wrote. "The unprecedented moves by world leaders to put international financial capitalism on a sounder footing are crucial. But there are other, even more dramatic events unfolding as well. Poverty affects two-thirds of the world's population, while climate change threatens the very future of humanity and the planet, and much sooner than is often thought."

''As ministers discuss issues of high finance, we can't forget the world's poor.''

World Bank President Robert Zoellick

NGOs concurred. Concern Worldwide chief executive Tom Arnold said governments had to invest the billions of dollars they promised to finance anti-poverty programmes. "This is essential but must also be matched by a reshaping of global institutions that can effectively address poverty in the 21st century," he told IRIN.

This offered an enormous opportunity for the US. "By building on the goodwill that is extended to [President-elect Barack] Obama under a new presidency, the US can take a leadership role at the global level," he said.

Oxfam International media officer Louis Bélanger said the $700 billion spent on the emergency bailout of American financial institutions was more than 23 times what the US spends on foreign aid. "Now is not the time for donors to shy away from delivering on aid promises. Aid levels must not only be maintained but increased as many of the world's poorest countries are starting to suffer from the effects of the global credit crunch and economic downturn," he told IRIN.

UN Development Programme policy adviser and senior macroeconomist Brett House said there was no economic rationale for reducing ODA flows.

"In fact, given the excellent macroeconomic fundamentals in many developing countries, ODA would likely provide a more efficient stimulus than domestic spending in [industrial] countries," he told IRIN. "A decision to reduce ODA disbursements is a political decision, not an economic one."

ma/mw


This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information: https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions

Share this article
Join the discussion

Right now, we’re working with contributors on the ground in Ukraine and in neighbouring countries to tell the stories of people enduring and responding to a rapidly evolving humanitarian crisis.

We’re documenting the threats to humanitarian response in the country and providing a platform for those bearing the brunt of the invasion. Our goal is to bring you the truth at a time when disinformation is rampant. 

But while much of the world’s focus may be on Ukraine, we are continuing our reporting on myriad other humanitarian disasters – from Haiti to the Sahel to Afghanistan to Myanmar. We’ve been covering humanitarian crises for more than 25 years, and our journalism has always been free, accessible for all, and – most importantly – balanced. 

You can support our journalism from just $5 a month, and every contribution will go towards our mission. 

Support The New Humanitarian today.

Become a member of The New Humanitarian

Support our journalism and become more involved in our community. Help us deliver informative, accessible, independent journalism that you can trust and provides accountability to the millions of people affected by crises worldwide.

Join