A new report by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) paints a grim picture of life in the Gaza Strip: insufficient housing, damaged infrastructure, limited access to clean water and the discharge of raw sewage into the sea.
The report identifies restrictions on the movement of people and goods over the past two years as one of the main causes of the crisis in Gaza.
"Israel has the right to protect its population against attacks," Antoine Grand, head of the ICRC's sub-delegation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT), said in a statement. "But does that mean that 1.5 million people in Gaza do not have the right to live a normal life?"
IRIN has collected some statistics comparing Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (The West Bank and Gaza Strip combined) that can put the ICRC report in context:
Israel and OPT in statistics
|Population in 2007||7.18 million||3.71million|
|Gross National Income per capita in 2005||US$22,930||US$1,290|
|Gross Domestic Product in 2005||$133.19 billion||$4.02 billion|
|Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women aged 15-19) in 2007||14||79|
|Total fertility rate (number of births per woman) 2000-2005||2.9||5.8|
|Child mortality (under-five) rate in 2007||5||27|
|TB prevalence in 2005 (per every 100,000)||6||36|
|Number of mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 people||124||28|
|Number of telephone mainlines per 1,000 people in 2005||424||96|
|Number of Internet users per 1,000 people in 2005||470||67|
|% of people undernourished in 2002-4||<2.5%||16%|
(Sources: UN Human Development Report 2007/2008 and World Bank)
This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information: https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions