1. Home
  2. Africa
  3. West Africa
  4. Western Sahara

Tens of thousands of refugees homeless after rains wipe out shelters

Map of Western Sahara.
Western Sahara, a forgotten crisis (IRIN )

Aid agencies are rushing to help some 60,000 Western Sahara refugees after freak rains late last week wiped out houses and schools and damaged hospitals in camps in eastern Algeria.

Because the rains - reportedly the worst seen in the area since 1994 - came on the heels of the UN World Food Programme’s February distribution, refugees have lost an entire month’s food supply, a WFP official told IRIN on Wednesday.

“Heavy, concentrated rains [at the end of last week] basically melted houses, administration buildings, the Red Cross building and schools,” said Michelle Iseminger, head of WFP’s office in Tindouf, Algeria. Aid workers say flooding also severely damaged hospitals and markets.

“[Refugees] had just received their monthly distribution,” she said.

It is estimated that more than 150,000 Sahrawis - people from the disputed territory of Western Sahara - have lived in five refugee settlements near Tindouf since 1975; it is not clear exactly how many are currently in the camps. UN humanitarian agencies are assisting some 90,000 of the most vulnerable refugees.

The UN refugee agency UNHCR said the rains destroyed up to 50 percent of the mud brick houses in Awserd, Laayoune and Smara camps, leaving another 25 percent of shelters “seriously damaged and on the verge of collapse.” A fourth settlement was also severely damaged.

Using its own emergency funds, WFP will begin a one-month distribution to replace the food destroyed by the rains. But the agency says the refugees’ new plight will put a burden on already strained food aid resources for the Sahrawi refugees.

“This makes WFP’s needs tremendously more urgent,” Iseminger said.

In a statement on Thursday, WFP said it needs about US $3.6 million to cover food needs for the refugees over the next six months. “WFP intends to continue helping the refugees but it can only do so with the help of the international community,” WFP regional director Amir Abdulla said after a visit to the camps. “That help is needed more than ever.”

He added, “These people are already facing hardship. Now many are homeless and in urgent need of emergency assistance.”

WFP says 35 percent of children under five in the camps suffer chronic malnutrition.

UNHCR is preparing an airlift of tents, blankets, jerry cans, mattresses and plastic sheeting from the agency’s regional warehouse in Jordan, a UNHCR statement said. A UNHCR official at headquarters in Geneva said the airlift is expected “in the coming days.” The agency will also send an emergency team - including a water and sanitation specialist and a site planner - to the area to work with UN officials already on the ground.

The Algerian government has provided tents and other supplies in recent days, humanitarian officials said.

Western Sahara - a 266,000-kilometre area of desert lying between Mauritania and Morocco - has been at the centre of a sovereignty dispute since Spain let go its colonial grip in 1975.

The following years saw sporadic fighting between Morocco and the Polisario Front - the group seeking independence for Western Sahara - until the parties signed a ceasefire in 1991.

This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information: https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions

Share this article
Join the discussion

Right now, we’re working with contributors on the ground in Ukraine and in neighbouring countries to tell the stories of people enduring and responding to a rapidly evolving humanitarian crisis.

We’re documenting the threats to humanitarian response in the country and providing a platform for those bearing the brunt of the invasion. Our goal is to bring you the truth at a time when disinformation is rampant. 

But while much of the world’s focus may be on Ukraine, we are continuing our reporting on myriad other humanitarian disasters – from Haiti to the Sahel to Afghanistan to Myanmar. We’ve been covering humanitarian crises for more than 25 years, and our journalism has always been free, accessible for all, and – most importantly – balanced. 

You can support our journalism from just $5 a month, and every contribution will go towards our mission. 

Support The New Humanitarian today.

Become a member of The New Humanitarian

Support our journalism and become more involved in our community. Help us deliver informative, accessible, independent journalism that you can trust and provides accountability to the millions of people affected by crises worldwide.