The report cited widespread water shortages and, in places where water was still available, a high level of salinity rendering it unfit for human consumption, concluding that without rainfall or the trucking of water to affected populations, a life-threatening situation would develop. The economies of nomadic populations were severely affected by the poor state
of livestock, while cross-border movement was impossible because of insecurity in neighbouring countries, the report added. The Italian and Norwegian governments, in addition to WFP, UNDP and UNICEF, have responded to the drought situation so far, with water purification units, water tanks, emergency food aid, vaccines and relief logistics.
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