Amani, the gold traderEmmanuel Freudenthal/IRIN For minerals to remain truly conflict-free, their flow has to be kept separate from tainted materials.
It’s a challenge. The mines validated as conflict-free can be just a few hills away from those controlled by armed groups. And the trade is messy, with miners and mineral traders operating independently and constantly on the move across the region. Conflict minerals can easily leak into the supposedly clean supply chains.
See more here: https://www.irinnews.org/feature/2017/02/09/who-pays-hidden-price-congo%E2%80%99s-conflict-free-minerals