The governor of the northeastern Nigerian state of Borno has said there are conflicting border claims with Chad and Cameroon in the Lake Chad area, and that Nigeria is losing control of some island villages there.
Governor Mala Kachalla, who made a presentation on Wednesday to the presidential committee on national security in the city of Yola, said the Lake Chad region was also plagued by an influx of armed rebels and large-scale trafficking in illicit arms and children.
"There is no clear cut demarcation between Borno and neighbouring countries along the Lake Chad Basin and the Barkin-Kirawa axis," Kachalla said.
This situation compounded rival territorial claims and made immigration control difficult, he added.
There was now an urgent need to establish checkpoints and aerial surveillance in the border areas to deal with security problems in the region, according to Kachalla.
The Sambisa Games Reserve deserved special attention, having been been identified as a hideout for Chadian rebels blamed for widespread banditry in northeastern Nigeria, he said.
Security agencies in Nigeria have blamed remnants of rebel armies involved in insurrections in Chad and Niger, the country's northern neighbours, for
unusually violent robberies and banditry reported in most parts of the northeast.
Disputes between Nigeria and its eastern neighbour, Cameroon, over the Lake Chad area are among the issues the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at The Hague is expected to address in a ruling later this year.
Cameroon filed a complaint with the ICJ in 1994 after a dispute with Nigeria over the ownership of the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea.
This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information: https://shop.un.org/rights-permissions
Help us be the transformation we’d like to see in the news industry
The current journalistic model is broken: Audiences are demanding that the hierarchical, elite-led system of news-gathering and presentation be dismantled in favour of a more inclusive and holistic model based on more equitable access to information and more nuanced and diverse narratives.
The business model is also broken, with many media going bankrupt during the pandemic – despite their information being more valuable than ever – because of a dependence on advertisers.
Finally, exploitative and extractive practices have long been commonplace in media and other businesses.
We think there is a better way. We want to build something different.
Our new five-year strategy outlines how we will do so. It is an ambitious vision to become a transformative newsroom – and one that we need your support to achieve.
Become a member of The New Humanitarian by making a regular contribution to our work - and help us deliver on our new strategy.