Desert flooding wipes out electricity, homes, livestock

A broken damn, overflowing tributaries and now fallen homes in Niger's Agadez commune. Photo taken 2 September 2009
Le barrage a cédé, les affluents sont sortis de leur lit, et de nombreuses maisons ont été détruites dans la commune d’Agadez, au Niger. Photo prise le 2 septembre 2009 (OCHA Niger)

Four days of intense rains in Niger’s northern Air Mountains and desert towns at its base have affected 7,000 households, damaged 3,500 homes and caused widespread livestock and agriculture losses mostly in the commune of Agadez, according to local officials.

Agadez commune is one of 15 communes in Agadez region.

Intense rains led to a dam breaking 7km from Agadez commune, according to a preliminary government and UN assessment on 2 September. The storms damaged 400 hectares of crop land and at least seven schools in the commune.

The commune’s mayor, Hamma Dilla, told IRIN this is the most intense weather that he can recall in more than 30 years. “But even that flooding was not as bad as what we are seeing now. This [destruction] is the result of … intense continuous rains and the tributary overflowing its banks.”

Sociologist Issouf Bayard who has specialized in Agadez told IRIN that not since pre-independence times has there been an early warning system to alert residents living near the city's various tributaries, fed from mountain rain runoff, of oncoming storms. “People do not know when there is rain in the mountains. It is only when the tributaries rise that people are caught unaware.” He said before independence in 1960, the French military sounded horns to warn people of rising water levels.

Bayard said the departure of the military coupled with the droughts starting in the 1970’s ended this form of early warning. “These dried out tributaries are now where the poorest families and recently arrived migrants settle,” the researcher told IRIN. “With the growing urban population, people built on places they did not even know were former waterways. But we have a proverb in this part of the country: water always finds its way home.” 

The official preliminary death toll from flooding is one infant and one adult as of 2 September.

''Water always finds its way home''

In one of the most battered areas on the outskirts of Agadez commune, Azmalam, school director Moussa Ibrah told IRIN the human death toll is too low. "We [residents] are talking about dozens of deaths,” said Ibrah. He said in addition,1,200 livestock have died and all the area homes have fallen.

A vendor in front of the Agadez bus station, Abdallah Alal, told IRIN his shop was vandalized after it collapsed from the rains in the middle of the night. "This boutique was my only source of income. I sold my animals to do business.”

A widow in Agadez commune told IRIN the floods had stranded her with eight children. “This home my husband left us was all we had,” said Aminatou Malam. “And now it is gone along with our food, our animals. Where do we go from here?”

In the neighbouring commune of Tchirozérene, more than 70 homes and one school are completely destroyed, according to the preliminary assessment.


Ibrahim Diallo Manzo/IRIN
Gas station in Agadez commune submerged after flooding
Wednesday, September 2, 2009
Après les inondations, les fraudes
Gas station in Agadez commune submerged after flooding

Photo: Ibrahim Diallo Manzo/IRIN
Gas station in Agadez commune submerged after flooding


The secretary general of Agadez region and commune mayors have formed a crisis committee, which has set up 11 teams headed by village leaders to conduct house visits to assess damages.

Trucks from Agadez commune are transporting flood victims to schools for temporary lodging, according to mayor Hamma. He said his office has purchased manioc flour and water to distribute to flood victims.

The committee has identified dam repair, lodging flood victims and clean drinking water among its top priorities.

The UN is planning in-depth evaluations in the coming days, according to UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.


This article was produced by IRIN News while it was part of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Please send queries on copyright or liability to the UN. For more information:

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